M.S.Lehmann 1999-2009



Advent is a latin word originally meaning  "arrival". During time of Advent we prepare for Christmas to come, and are looking forward to the arrival of the Child. Making cookies, buying gifts and cleaning the entire house sort of "belongs to"  our time of Advent.


Advent starts 4 Sundays ahead of Christmas - and is the very beginning of the Church year calendar. Colour of Liturgi is violet.  In the year 2009  1. Sunday of Advent is November 29.th. and  the 4th. Sunday of Advent is December 20th.



LUCIA CELEBRATION - December 13th.


You'll find more information of Lucia - the history and song on the "Lucia page" (see index)


In Norway, this celebration is mixed up with the pre-Christian celebration of the ancient Witch Lussi. She was evil - and had to be avoided - specially this time of Year.  The "Lussi-night" is from old age known as the longest and darkest night of the Year. This night - beeing the old viking mid-winter night - was filled with evil. Witches and all other dark forces were out - and on this night the animals were supposed to have the ability to speak.



In Norway it's particulary the kindergardens picked up the Lucia-tradtion. It's quite a mooving event when all the kids are entering very early in the morning; dressed in white, singing. carrying candles, stars and baskets filled with the cakes "Lussekatter".  You'll definately feel a strange mood and probably get a few tears in your eyes..............it can really not be described.




Lussekatter (Lucia Buns)

Saffron threads, approximately 0.5 grams, 1/2 cup sugar, 1 and 1/4 cup milk, 7 Tablespoons butter, melted 3 cakes of fresh yeast (0.6 ounces each), 1/8 teaspoon salt, 1 egg, beaten, 3 and 1/4 cups unbleached, all-purpose flour, plus additional flour for kneading.  Glaze: 1 egg, 3 Tablespoons milk.


Rub saffron threads and one teaspoon of sugar together and set aside. Heat the milk to lukewarm, about 99 degrees Fahrenheit, and add the melted butter along with the saffron-sugar mixture. Crumble the yeast in a bowl and pour about 1/4 cup of the warm saffron milk on top and stir gently. Sprinkle with 1 Tablespoon sugar and 1/8 teaspoon salt and let rest five minutes. Add the remainder of the sugar, the milk, 3 cups of flour and the beaten egg and stir with a wooden spoon. Sprinkle 1/4 cup of flour on top and knead dough in the bowl for several minutes, adding more flour if the dough is too sticky to handle. Dust the top of the dough with flour,and cover with a clean cloth and let rise in a warm, dry place until double in size, about 60 to 90 minutes.Turn dough out onto a floured board and knead for 5 minutes, adding flour as needed to keep the dough from sticking. Divide the dough into small pieces and roll the dough bits into an S or other traditional Lucia shape. Decorate with raisins. Place buns on a cookie sheet that has been covered in parchment paper. Cover buns with a clean cloth and let rise again until double in size, about 30 minutes. Preheat oven to 425 degrees Fahrenheit. Make the glaze by beating one egg with 3 Tablespoons milk. Brush the tops of the buns with the glaze just prior to baking. Bake 5 to 10 minutes; cool on a rack.


Electric Advent stars - and candles placed in windows have been common in Norway for the last 40 years. Recently more and more people  (both privat and commercial)  take on the tradition from abroad to have out-door lights during the Norwegian dark winter-time. Specially in the north of Norway - with no outdoor light at all in December - this is growing very popular.

The Advent Wreath - /candlestick came to Norway from Germany - just like the Christmas tree.  Candles and bonnets of violet colour reflects the Advent colour of the Church. The tradition of lighting one candle on the first Sunday of Advent, two on the second aso. is approx. 100 years old.

The poem of the Advent candles by the Norwegian author, Inger Hagerup, is known to every Norwegian child ; ( one candle for joy, two for hope and joy, three for longing, hope and joy. The four candles are litted for longing, hope, joy and peace - but first and foremost for PEACE ON EARTH )

S tenner vi ett lys i kveld,          
vi tenner det for glede.        
Det str og skinner for seg selv
og oss som er til stede.
S tenner vi ett lys i kveld,
vi tenner det for glede.
S tenner vi to lys i kveld,    

to lys for hp og glede.
De str og skinner for seg selv
og oss som er til stede.
S tenner vi to lys i kveld
to lys for hp og glede
S tenner vi tre lys i kveld

for lengsel, hp og glede.
De str og skinner for seg selv
og oss som er til stede.
S tenner vi tre lys i kveld
for lengsel, hp og glede
Vi tenner fire lys i kveld

og lar dem brenne ned
for lengsel, glede, hp og fred,
men mest allikevel
for fred p denne lille jord
der menneskene bor.

The Advent calendar came from Germany to Scandinavia by the 1920's. These days a small piece of chocolate stored in the calendar, one for each date,  has become very popular. A lot of Norwegian mothers also sew a calendar with rings, for attaching a tiny gift for each date. 

During the very last years a lot of calendars (mostly named "Christmas calendar") have become popular on the Internet. 


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